Are you one of the many people who suffer from migraines? If so, you know that these debilitating headaches can strike at any time, often without warning. While there are many triggers for migraines, one that is often overlooked is the change of seasons. In Canada, where we experience distinct and often extreme seasonal shifts, this can be a significant challenge. But fear not, as we delve into how you can effectively deal with migraine attacks during the change of seasons.

Stay Hydrated

The first and most crucial step in managing migraines during seasonal changes is to stay hydrated. As the weather transitions from cold to warm or vice versa, your body may struggle to adjust. Dehydration can exacerbate migraine symptoms. Make it a habit to drink plenty of water throughout the day, and avoid excessive caffeine and alcohol consumption, as they can contribute to dehydration.

Monitor Weather Changes

In Canada, weather can be unpredictable, especially during transitional seasons like spring and fall. Pay close attention to weather forecasts and be prepared for sudden temperature fluctuations. Barometric pressure changes, in particular, can trigger migraines in some individuals. If you notice a drop in pressure or other weather-related triggers, take preventive measures like staying indoors or wearing appropriate clothing.

Maintain a Regular Sleep Schedule

Seasonal changes can disrupt your sleep patterns, which in turn can trigger migraines. To minimize this risk, try to maintain a consistent sleep schedule. Go to bed and wake up at the same times each day, even on weekends. Creating a sleep-conducive environment with a comfortable mattress and blackout curtains can also help ensure quality rest.

Manage Stress

Stress is a common migraine trigger, and the change of seasons can sometimes bring added stress due to weather-related concerns, such as driving in snow or dealing with allergies. Practice stress-reduction techniques like deep breathing, meditation, or yoga to help keep your stress levels in check. Regular exercise can also be an effective way to manage stress and reduce the frequency of migraines.

Limit Dietary Triggers

Certain foods and beverages can trigger migraines in susceptible individuals. Common dietary triggers include aged cheeses, processed meats, and artificial sweeteners. Pay attention to your diet, especially during seasonal transitions, and avoid foods that you know are migraine triggers for you. Keeping a food diary can help identify specific triggers that you may need to avoid.

Stay Prepared with Medication

If you have a history of migraines, it's essential to be prepared with medication prescribed by your healthcare provider. Discuss your migraine management plan with your doctor, and make sure you have your medications on hand. Don't wait until a migraine attack is in full swing to take medication; early intervention can often make a significant difference in its severity and duration.

Wear Appropriate Eyewear

During seasonal transitions, changes in light levels and glare can trigger migraines for some people. Invest in quality sunglasses that offer UV protection and polarization to reduce glare. If you wear prescription glasses, consider getting photochromic lenses that automatically adjust to changing light conditions.

Create a Migraine-Friendly Environment

Make your home and workplace migraine-friendly by reducing potential triggers. This can include minimizing exposure to strong odors, adjusting lighting to reduce glare, and keeping the environment quiet and comfortable. A calm and soothing atmosphere can help you manage migraine attacks more effectively.

Seek Professional Help

If your migraines are severe or frequent, it's essential to seek professional help. A neurologist or headache specialist can work with you to develop a customized migraine management plan. They may recommend preventive medications or other treatments to help reduce the frequency and intensity of your migraines. NeuPath has physicians specialized in treating headaches who may be able to help with your type of migraine.

Stay Informed About Seasonal Allergies

Seasonal allergies can worsen migraine symptoms in some individuals. Keep yourself informed about the pollen levels and common allergens in your area. If you have allergies, take steps to manage them, such as using antihistamines or nasal sprays as recommended by your healthcare provider.


In conclusion, dealing with migraine attacks during the change of seasons requires a proactive approach. By staying hydrated, monitoring weather changes, maintaining a regular sleep schedule, managing stress, and being prepared with medication, you can significantly reduce the impact of migraines on your life.

Additionally, paying attention to dietary triggers, wearing appropriate eyewear, creating a migraine-friendly environment, and seeking professional help when needed are essential steps in managing migraines effectively. With these strategies in place, you can enjoy the beauty of Canada's changing seasons without being sidelined by migraine attacks. Remember, you have the power to take control of your migraines and lead a healthier, more fulfilling life.